Reference Plan (R-Plan)
Are you looking to divide a piece of property to sell additional lots? Or splitting a beloved cottage property to family members? Or have an agreement with a neighbor to purchase some of their land? Any time there is a need to divide a lot to create new ones (called land severance), or to prepare a portion of a property for a widening or transfer, or to describe utility easements and private and public rights-of-way, a Reference Plan (R-Plan) would most likely be necessary.
A Reference Plan (R-Plan) is a Plan of Survey deposited in the local Land Registry Office and recorded on title to describe parcels of land and their boundaries. Land severance is a highly regulated process and a challenging one due to differing requirements amongst local municipalities. A general guideline is difficult to establish, but IBW Surveyors can help steer through the entire process to save you time, money and frustration.
Land Severance Process
IBW Surveyors have experience preparing Reference Plans and fulfilling consent conditions in municipalities and townships right across Ontario and can help you:
- Navigate through complexities. IBW has experience working with townships and municipalities directly and knows their requirements to ensure a smooth process.
- Save time and money. IBW has deep knowledge of municipal requirements to provide what municipalities want, and help minimize risk of delays or rejections.
- Find peace of mind. We will assign dedicated project managers to take care of your project from start to finish.
Depending on the municipality you may need to have a “Severance Sketch”, also called a “Draft Reference Plan”, to submit to the local authorities for approval before a Reference Plan is deposited. In this case the property would be surveyed, the proposed parts would be illustrated in “draft” form for submission. Once the draft plan receives all required approvals the plan can be finalized and submitted to be deposited at the Land Registry Office. This process typically takes from 10 to 15 business days with the Registry Office. Once deposited, a Lawyer can then use the Part(s) on the new Reference Plan for the description of the portions of land to be conveyed or have interests registered.
A Reference Plan, although deposited, does not have any effect until Part(s) on the plan are referenced by a Lawyer in a transfer document or an application to amend a parcels description is submitted. Once deposited, these plans are now public record and can be found at the local Land Registry Office.
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Reference Plan Project Flow
A dedicated Project Manager will take care of your file:
- File proceeds to Research
- PM reaches out to you for any special requests
- Field Work
- Calculations and drafting of the survey plan
- Ontario Land Survey reviews field work and draft plan
Draft plan issued for review (by municipalities or yourself).
Revisions and Final Field Work.
Plan deposited in Land Registry Office.
Your Lawyer completes transfer of land.
Reference Plan Sample
Below you will find a sample of what a complete Reference Plan will resemble.
Frequently Asked Questions
Will my property be severed once the Reference Plan has been recorded/deposited?
Why are there so many parts to my Reference Plan? I just wanted to split my property in half.
For example if you are severing your property into two parcels and as a condition of the severance the municipality has requested a widening be taken you can put all of these parts on one plan. If on that same plan you want to create a right-of-way for a mutual driveway between the two properties another two parts would be added to create the description for the easement. Although you only want to create two lots this has now become a five (5) part plan. The purpose of the plan is to describe the lands and what purpose each part serves will be dictated by your design and/or conditions.
What is a Draft Reference Plan or Severance Sketch?
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